Ocean Liners – Timor Sea Justice http://timorseajustice.org/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 08:20:52 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://timorseajustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-7-1.png Ocean Liners – Timor Sea Justice http://timorseajustice.org/ 32 32 How do you spot the warning signs of wildlife crime in the marine industry? https://timorseajustice.org/how-do-you-spot-the-warning-signs-of-wildlife-crime-in-the-marine-industry/ https://timorseajustice.org/how-do-you-spot-the-warning-signs-of-wildlife-crime-in-the-marine-industry/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 14:09:45 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/how-do-you-spot-the-warning-signs-of-wildlife-crime-in-the-marine-industry/ Image used for representation only (Image courtesy: TRAFFIC) Weaknesses and loopholes in maritime supply chains are often exploited by traffickers to smuggle wildlife and wood products to meet growing demand, mainly in Asian markets. Together, TRAFFIC and WWF support the shipping industry to detect illegalities crossing global waters. The legal wildlife trade is a complex […]]]>

Image used for representation only (Image courtesy: TRAFFIC)

Weaknesses and loopholes in maritime supply chains are often exploited by traffickers to smuggle wildlife and wood products to meet growing demand, mainly in Asian markets. Together, TRAFFIC and WWF support the shipping industry to detect illegalities crossing global waters.

The legal wildlife trade is a complex activity that meets the local and international demand for wildlife products in many industries. However, a growing parallel illegal business is taking advantage of weaknesses in maritime supply chains to illegally transport wildlife products from source to destination markets.

“It is estimated that in volume, 72 to 90% of wildlife products are trafficked. About 90% of international merchandise trade by volume is transported by sea, so you can see how detecting illegal wildlife trade can be like looking for a needle in a haystack, ”said Livia Esterhazy, President WWF’s Asia-Pacific Growth Strategy (APGS). and CEO of WWF-New Zealand.

“Wildlife smugglers get emboldened by secreting illicit cargoes into commercial supply chains. To address this and proactively respond to Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT), we needed practical and practical detection guides to help freight forwarders and liners detect suspicious shipments even without opening freight containers, ” Esterhazy added.

Often, traffickers adapt their modus operandi to avoid detection in the smuggling of illegal products. This can vary depending on the type of wildlife commodity, its origin and target consumers, but frequently involves facilitating corruption across shipping infrastructure.

Bribes are common in the illegal wildlife trade, and take place at the source, transit and export stages. Sometimes these bribes persuade employees to help forge documents. One type of documentation essential for regulating legal trade and ensuring that it does not threaten the survival of the species is the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) for species included in the Appendix.

“The smuggling of CITES-protected species is an extremely lucrative business for criminal networks and could have major ramifications for the species’ survival in the wild. This compendium aims to help the shipping industry to better identify potential signs of tampering or non-compliance with CITES permits, ”said Monica Zavagli, TRAFFIC program manager for transport sector engagement.

“By definition, illegally traded wildlife is not subject to hygiene, sanitary and phytosanitary controls; as a result, illegal wildlife trade carries risks to public health and can contribute to the spread of zoonoses and invasive species around the world, ”Zavagli added.

To address these issues, TRAFFIC and WWF have worked with many partners to produce guidance to help the ocean freight industry identify wildlife crime. “The Red Flag Compendium for Trafficking in Wildlife and Timber in Containerized Cargoes” details warning signs of corruption, smuggling, other related crimes and describes red flags and additional tools to identify them. prolifically trafficked CITES-listed species including big cats, specific marine life, large mammal species such as rhinoceros, elephant and timber.

This compendium includes information on risky routes as well as typical indicators of illicit activity such as questionable documents and discrepancies in information such as value, weight and appearance. Irregular behavior, such as shipments spread across multiple shipments, a last minute request for shipment clearance, and abnormal or sudden changes in routes or destinations can be signs of illegal action.

By highlighting potential risks in this compendium, shipping companies can implement more stringent safeguards to protect their employees, businesses and nature. This information is essential to protect the integrity of maritime supply chains against operational, economic, security and zoonotic health risks.

“We know that traffickers use existing transport infrastructure to move their illicit goods around the world and have developed sophisticated networks to facilitate this movement by exploiting weaknesses and loopholes and facilitating large-scale corruption. Maritime supply chains are very complex, but through our cross-sector collaborations within United for Wildlife (UfW), we are working with partners around the world to disrupt these networks and address this threat, ”said Lord Hague , president of United for Wildlife.

Report on the sea, July 21


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Tombs of Alden | Graves Registry: Linda Morgan’s longest night | Chroniclers https://timorseajustice.org/tombs-of-alden-graves-registry-linda-morgans-longest-night-chroniclers/ https://timorseajustice.org/tombs-of-alden-graves-registry-linda-morgans-longest-night-chroniclers/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 04:00:00 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/tombs-of-alden-graves-registry-linda-morgans-longest-night-chroniclers/ Italy lost its two luxury transatlantic passenger ships during World War II. The 880-foot Rex, launched in 1931, captured the prestigious Blue Riband for speed of westbound crossings in 1933 and held the record until 1935. The liner’s sister ship, the Conte di Savoia, slightly smaller , began its service in 1932. Italy withdrew its […]]]>

Italy lost its two luxury transatlantic passenger ships during World War II. The 880-foot Rex, launched in 1931, captured the prestigious Blue Riband for speed of westbound crossings in 1933 and held the record until 1935. The liner’s sister ship, the Conte di Savoia, slightly smaller , began its service in 1932.

Italy withdrew its prestigious ships from passenger transport when the war escalated in 1940. The Rex was anchored in Genoa until a bombardment of the city convinced authorities that it should be moved to a safer place. The giant ship was spotted by a Royal Air Force pilot while towed to Trieste on September 6, 1940 and was attacked by British and American planes in Caodistria Bay two days later. Flooded with rocket and cannon fire, the Rex capsized and burned in the shallows.

Conte di Savoia was moored in Venice. One side of the liner has been painted with landscape images as a camouflage. It was mistakenly set on fire by German planes in September 1943, burning for two days before being intentionally sunk to prevent capsizing. The hull was lifted in 1945 for the purpose of repairs and restoration, but plans were eventually scrapped and the ship was scrapped in 1950.

Transatlantic air travel was beginning to cast a shadow over the future of luxury passenger ships, but Italian Line was determined to reclaim a position in the still lucrative sea travel industry. The country was trying to rebuild its shattered economy and the two new ships commanded by the line would also serve as focal points of pride for a nation that had been decimated by war.

The first of the new liners is named after a 16th century Genoese admiral. Construction of the Andrea Doria (emphasis is on second syllable of first word) began at Ansaldo Shipyards in February 1950. She left her home port of Genoa on January 14, 1953 for her maiden voyage to New York.






andre doria

Andrea Doria


It was considered one of the finest liners of its time with a jet black hull and brilliant white superstructure. Its only soaring funnel was painted in the Italian national colors of red, white and green. Each passenger class (first, second and tourist) had its own swimming pool and the Italian Line had spent over $ 1 million on works of art commissioned by some of the country’s most renowned designers and artisans for the interiors of the ship.

There was, however, a problem with the Andrea Doria. It was too heavy and the problem worsened when its fuel tanks ran out towards the end of a trip. She was due to dock the next morning in New York on July 25, 1956, completing her 51st westbound crossing, when the Swedish-American motor ship Stockholm emerged from a fog off Nantucket and struck the starboard side of the Doria.

The bow of the Stockholm, reinforced to navigate the icy waters of Scandinavia, penetrated 40 feet into the Italian ship. Thirty feet from the bow of the Stockholm fell into the Atlantic, but it remained afloat.

Thousands of tonnes of seawater spilled into the Doria’s five fuel tanks, which were punctured by the collision. The immediate list was so severe that the lifeboats on the port side of the liner were rendered unusable. Without half of the available lifeboats, the potential death toll might have matched that of the loss of the Titanic in 1912 had there not been other ships nearby.

The first lifeboats that pulled away from the wreck of the Andrea Doria were filled with a shamefully disproportionate number of her crew. But there were also tales of heroism that emerged from the tales of the next few hours heartbreaking.

When the harsh list made walking on bridges impossible, human chains were formed to guide people to evacuation points. Steward Giovanni Rovelli worked overnight with Dr. Thure Peterson in an attempt to extricate Peterson’s wife, Martha, from the wreckage of their cabin. (Ms Peterson died before they could free her.) Captain Piero Calamai intended to stay on his fatally damaged ship until his officers exited a lifeboat and told him they would not leave without him.

Of all the stories that resulted from the Andrea Doria disaster, none is more astonishing than that of Linda Morgan.

The 14-year-old shared cabin 52 at the Doria with her younger half-sister, Joan Cianfarra. Her stepfather, Camille Cianfarra, a reporter for the New York Times in Spain, and her mother, Jane, were in booth 54 next door. Most of the collision victims were killed at the point of impact. Cabins 52 and 54 were directly aligned with the bow of the Stockholm. Although Linda’s mother managed to survive with serious injuries, it was assumed that the other three family members had perished.

Linda’s father, Edward P. Morgan, a radio host for the ABC Network, relayed the shocking news of the sinking of one of the world’s most beautiful liners to his audience, knowing his own daughter was missing and most likely dead.

It was a terrible guess, but a logical one. Mr. Morgan was wrong.

Shortly after the two ships disengaged and the Doria returned in the fog, a 36-year-old crewman from the Stockholm walked over to a faint voice calling for his mother amid the tangled wreckage that remained at the bow of Swedish ship.

Linda Morgan asked Bernabe Polanco Garcia: “I was on the Andrea Doria. Where am I now? “

The bow of the Stockholm that killed her sister and her stepfather had miraculously slipped under Linda’s bed and lifted her out of the Doria. She had a broken arm, but was not injured otherwise. Even his father’s professionalism couldn’t hide his joy when he reported the incredible news on the radio. Her daughter will forever be known as the “miracle girl”.

Linda’s mother never fully recovered from her injuries and suffered from deep depression on the anniversary of the disaster. She died on July 25, 1969.

Alden Graves writes a regular column for the Banner.


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Walmart Amazon’s hidden toll and Ikea’s shipping addiction https://timorseajustice.org/walmart-amazons-hidden-toll-and-ikeas-shipping-addiction/ https://timorseajustice.org/walmart-amazons-hidden-toll-and-ikeas-shipping-addiction/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 13:45:00 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/walmart-amazons-hidden-toll-and-ikeas-shipping-addiction/ Photo: Burak Kara (Getty Images) Newly the data obtained shows how 15 companies, including big names like Walmart, Ikea and Amazon, are responsible for millions of tons of pollution and the carbon emissions of an often overlooked sector of their business: importing goods into the United States on freighters. A new report released Tuesday by […]]]>

An aerial view of a cargo ship as it navigates the Bosphorus Strait in Turkey.

Photo: Burak Kara (Getty Images)

Newly the data obtained shows how 15 companies, including big names like Walmart, Ikea and Amazon, are responsible for millions of tons of pollution and the carbon emissions of an often overlooked sector of their business: importing goods into the United States on freighters. A new report released Tuesday by Pacific Environment and Stand.earth uses hard-to-obtain data on international shipping to determine with certainty just how badly the environment to damage some of these big companies cause when importing goods.

We ship a parcel of stuff. Today, around 80% of world trade circulates around the world by around 50,000 ships, and the industry is growing rapidly; Freight volumes could increase by up to 130% by 2050, as Amazon conquers more of the world and one-click shipping becomes more widely available around the world. Tpipe vessels run on extremely dirty (and cheap) fuel, known as “Bunker fuel” which releases a lot of pollutants. Shipping is estimated to be responsible for 10-15% of global sulfur oxide and nitrous oxide emissions and shipping is responsible for 2.2% of global carbon emissions.

Butthere is a lot of vagueness around global shipping which makes it extremely difficult to follow. International production is rarely a simple task for an overseas Walmart factory that ships Walmart products on a Walmart-owned vessel to U.S. ports; there is shell companies, subsidiaries and endless intermediaries working on the transfer of goods, with very little data collected and made public on these transactions. As a result, many companies are able to find reasons to leave the carbon footprint of shipping outside of net-zero calculations or promises. Amazon, for example, grabbed the headlines when it launched its Zero Shipping Initiative halve emissions from parcel shipping by 2050, but this initiative only covers land transport and does not affect emissions from the ocean.

“Pollution from maritime transport has been easy for companies to omit from their accounts because it is out of sight out of mind for many of their clients ”, Madeline Rose, climate campaign manager at Pacific Environment and lead author of the report, said in an email.

But by working with an expedition consulting firm, Rose and other researchers were able to get their hands on data journeys made by individual vessels and calculate shows of each vessel on its import voyage. They then overlaid these datasets with manually verified data sets of all retailers’ marine imports into the United States, which they gleaned from freight manifests and the Journal of Commerce, tracing the share of those specific emissions retailers that were responsible for the shipping their goods to the United States.S.

The result is a fairly accurate list of the number imports of pollutants for the 15 companies included in the report are responsible for. Walmart, the top polluter on the list, was responsible for more than 3.7 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide of shipment in 2019 alone, according to the study, roughly equivalent to the emissions of a coal-fired power plant. Walmart, Target and Ashley HomeStore, a furniture chain, produced more sulfur oxide and PM2.5 emissions than larger power plants of these shows in the United States.S. Overall, these 15 retailers produced as much nitrous oxide, a key component of smog, as 27.4 million cars.

The report estimates that these figures represent only a fifth of the actual emissions produced by shipping associated with these companies. THere is a lot reason to believe that these numbers are almost certainly a lowball. Researchers could only follow 15% from Amazon shipments. The analysis was unable to include shipments from shell companies or affiliates that are not clearly associated with major retailers – there simply isn’t enough data transparency to make this happen.

The analysis also does not calculate the emissions generated during round trips abroad, a practice that may have a big carbon footprint alone. (Rose said that Ikea, one of the retailers included in the report, actually includes shipping in its supply chain calculations and estimates that it accounts for 40% of its supply chain emissions – quite a large number.) Figures were also collected in 2019, before the pandemic; there is a good chance they are watching worst after last year, when e-commerce (and overseas product shipping) grew by around 16.5% because we were all stuck inside ordering things.

Much like aviation, the problem with decarbonizing shipping lanes is that existing greener technologies, like methanol-powered boats, are not as efficient on long journeys; cleaner options are also significantly more expensive than the cheap fuel vessels currently used by ships. Still, “the technology to navigate freighters without burning an ounce of carbon exists,” Rose said. “All that’s needed are strong market signals that encourage liners to invest and build [a] cleaner future and zero emissions. Using Walmart as an example, she sketched out an idea of ​​how a large retailer could accelerate the development of greener shipping by making demands on its suppliers, increasing the percentage of imports it brings in each year on cleaner boats.

Mmake these kinds of requests, however, largely depends on the public knowing how dirty the alternatives are. But it has never been more important to make them. the International Maritime Organization estimates that carbon pollution from cargo ships could increase considerably between 50% and 250% if industry does not act. Lobbying brands could be one way to get the industry to clean up its act.

“If retail companies are to continue to manufacture their products overseas and depend on fossil-fueled shipping to import their products, they must take responsibility for the pollution they generate during the journey,” he said. said Rose. “Without including shipping emissions in their corporate responsibility or climate report, these retail companies are not living up to the spirit of their climate commitments or their duty to the customers they serve. “


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How the Olympics came a long way https://timorseajustice.org/how-the-olympics-came-a-long-way/ https://timorseajustice.org/how-the-olympics-came-a-long-way/#respond Mon, 19 Jul 2021 13:03:00 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/how-the-olympics-came-a-long-way/ A woman walks on a bridge in front of a Tokyo 2020 banner ahead of the 2020 Summer Olympics (AP) The first modern Olympic Games in 1896 had no participating women and only a handful of countries. Find out how the Games have evolved over the years News18.com Last update: July 19, 2021, 6:38 PM […]]]>

A woman walks on a bridge in front of a Tokyo 2020 banner ahead of the 2020 Summer Olympics (AP)

The first modern Olympic Games in 1896 had no participating women and only a handful of countries. Find out how the Games have evolved over the years

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  • Last update: July 19, 2021, 6:38 PM IST
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After being postponed for a year due to the pandemic and despite continued opposition in Japan over Covid-19 safety fears, the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games are scheduled to begin later this week on July 23. Among the biggest sporting shows on the planet, here is a look at the evolution of the Games and the statistics that stand out.

Tokyo 2020 will see most sports yet



This year’s Games will see competitions in five sports that were not on the program for the Rio 2016 Olympics. Baseball / softball, karate, skateboarding, sport climbing and surfing have been added to this year’s list. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) said the Organizing Committee for the Tokyo 2020 Games has proposed the five new sports following steps taken to “give the organizing committees the flexibility to come up with new sports for their edition. games”.

The Tokyo Games will have athletes competing in 33 sports in 50 disciplines. The total number of events is 339 with 165 men’s events and 156 women’s events as well as 18 mixed disciplines. According to the IOC definition, a sport is “one which is governed by an international federation while a discipline is a branch of a sport comprising one or more events”. And an “event is a competition in a sport or a discipline which gives rise to a ranking”.

“So skiing is a sport, while cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping and Nordic combined are disciplines. Alpine skiing is a discipline, while super-G, giant slalom, slalom and combined are events, ”said the IOC.

The number of participants has increased

The 1896 Games in Athens had no women participating with a total of 241 men competing for honors in the first modern edition of the Olympics. But in 1900, when the Games were held in Paris, there were 22 women who were present among the competitors while the number of men had risen to 975. Cut to Rio 2016 and there were over 6,000 men and over 5,000 female athletes who showed up for the Games. The Brazilian city recorded the highest number of women participating in the Olympics while the largest male presence was recorded in Atlanta in 1996, with 6,806 participants.

Reports indicate that in Tokyo, several Olympic Games flagship countries are sending contingents with a higher presence of women than men. A Times Of India report said China would send 298 female athletes against 133 men while the US contingent would include 329 women and 284 men. Britain, too, will have more women (201) than men (175). The Indian contingent will number 56 women and 71 men.

The number of countries has also increased

The Athens Games of 1896 had athletes from a total of 14 nations vying for honors, but by 1912 that number had doubled to 28. But the era of ocean liners and land travel meant that the number of participating nations crossed 100 for the first time only. in 1968, when Mexico City hosted the Games. As air travel became more common, the number of participating countries also increased, although a notable incident occurred in 1980 when the United States boycotted the Games held in Moscow, the USSR having retaliated by skipping the 1984 Games in Los Angeles.

No less than 207 countries and jurisdictions participated in the Rio 2016 Olympics. The number of countries in Tokyo is expected to be 206, including the Refugee Olympic Team. Interestingly, Russian athletes will not represent their country but the Russian Olympic Committee after the country was given a four-year suspension in 2019 for systematic doping. Thus, there will be no Russian flag at the Games although the athletes’ uniforms will display the country’s colors.

The United States is the country to beat on the medal table

A total of 29 Olympics have taken place while the event has been canceled three times, each time due to the world wars. The United States has participated in 27 editions of the Games and has won more gold, silver and bronze medals than any other country / entity.

In fact, the United States topped the medal count at more than halfway through the Games, grabbing first place at 17 Olympics. Next came the former Soviet Union and the United States Team of the Former Soviet Union, which led at seven Olympics.

France, Great Britain, Germany and China had the distinction of leading the medal table once each.

The total medals won by India, which has competed in 24 Olympic Games, is 28 with nine gold, seven silver and 12 bronze.

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This time 48,000 women came to Canada to get married https://timorseajustice.org/this-time-48000-women-came-to-canada-to-get-married/ https://timorseajustice.org/this-time-48000-women-came-to-canada-to-get-married/#respond Sun, 18 Jul 2021 15:00:00 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/this-time-48000-women-came-to-canada-to-get-married/ A brief history of the Overseas Women’s Association, the war brides social club and its connection to the Sault From the Sault Ste. Marie Public Library: Everyone loves a good story, especially a love story. The popularity of TV shows such as The Bachelor, The Bachelorette, 90 Day Fiancé, and the Harlequin novels attest to […]]]>

A brief history of the Overseas Women’s Association, the war brides social club and its connection to the Sault

From the Sault Ste. Marie Public Library:

Everyone loves a good story, especially a love story. The popularity of TV shows such as The Bachelor, The Bachelorette, 90 Day Fiancé, and the Harlequin novels attest to this.

Forty-nine women embodied a true love story when they arrived in Sault Ste. Marie after WWII as war brides. Their stories also involved a healthy dose of danger, adventure, and bravery in risking everything they knew to have a chance at a better life.

The term “war brides” was the title given to the more than 48,000 women who married Canadian servicemen stationed abroad during World War II, who then followed their new husbands to Canada after the war, or who made the call. travel during combat to escape the dangers in their home countries.

These women in particular faced many dangers as they crossed the Atlantic Ocean while German submarines patrolled the waters. This was the case with Ms. Jean Cartmill, one of the forty-nine women who traveled to Sault Ste. Marie, who called her trip to Mauritania “eventful” because the ship was followed for some time by the enemy.

Despite a military warrant condemning marriage, countless servicemen have found love while on leave at prom or pubs, or with women who were themselves in service. The dangers of war reinforced the belief that time was precious, and since there was no guarantee that you would survive until the next day, marriages were often concluded after short courtship displays.

The wedding ceremonies themselves were simple affairs with homemade dresses (some were made from parachutes!), Men in their uniforms, and small receptions due to food rationing. As the number of such marriages increased, an organization was founded by the government, the Canadian Wives Bureau.

It was here that brides could apply to immigrate to Canada and could find help with the transition to a new country. This organization also organized the eventual transport of war brides to Canada by boat and then by train.

Their transportation was funded by the Government of Canada and was one-way. Wives also have free passage for their children.

Traveling aboard refitted personnel carriers or converted ocean liners such as the Queen Mary, many women have reported hanging diapers to dry by luxurious swimming pools or putting babies to sleep in hammocks above their bunks. . For some, the trip to Canada was an enjoyable adventure where they could revel in the company of other young wives and feast on the plentiful food.

After suffering rationing through all the years of the war, many brides were over the moon to feast on fresh fruit, bacon, eggs and cheese.

For others, the trip was one of seasickness, child crying and intense feelings of homesickness. Many feared that they had made a terrible mistake and longed for their parents.

Margaret Maxwell, another war bride destined for the Soo, reminded the Sault Star in 1996 of how she remembered slowly drifting towards Halifax Harbor.

“They were playing Here Comes the Bride, and there wasn’t a dry eye on the ship.” She said: “It is a strange feeling when you enter a foreign country. You are alone, there is no phone to call home and you cannot go back.

Many women were unprepared for the change in pace, lifestyle and landscape. Many were leaving crowded cities with modern amenities and were shocked by Canada’s vast wilderness as they traveled through it by train on their way to their destinations.

They were also not prepared (or perhaps warned) of the living conditions. Margaret Maxwell’s new husband worked at the Algoma Ore Division in Wawa.

“There was no water, no indoor toilet, and I had never seen a Coleman stove in my life. I thought it was the last place God put on earth. I had never seen the bush before and there were no roads out of town. “

Needless to say, this was all quite an adjustment for these new Canadians, so a War Brides Club was formed in 1952, which would later be renamed the Overseas Women’s Association.

The majority of the members were British and held monthly social gatherings which Margaret Maxwell said felt like ‘coming home once a month’.

The club helped quell the incredible homesickness and loneliness that many felt. The club continued for many years – they held annual banquets and the very popular Mistletoe Hop event.

The Sault Star reported in May 1968 that “British Isles girls and their husbands really know how to party. They are perfect for singing and dancing spontaneously.

Joyce Armstrong was one of the original members of the War Brides Club. She reported to The Sault Star in 1967 that “this country is a land of opportunity but it doesn’t flatter you. You have to work for what you want yourself.

She also felt that there were wonderful opportunities here that would not have been possible in Britain – “a home of your own, a car, a caravan, a vacation away from home every year, were common places. in Canada”. She also said that “this country is growing because of you”.

There were a lot of new things to get used to – black flies, husbands hunting and fishing, alcohol laws, the taste of Canadian food, in-laws they’ve never been able to meet before. marriage, no indoor plumbing or electricity in some cases and desperately cold snow winters all needed some adjustment.

Joyce recalled in 1996 to the Sault Star: “I was lucky. I never had a pink image of Canada, but some girls were and they came here with false impressions.

A war bride who arrived at the Sault with an additional obstacle to overcome is Ghislaine Thibodeau. She sailed to Canada in 1946 and was Sault Ste. Marie de France’s first war bride.

This is all the more remarkable given that the Canadian Encyclopedia indicates that only 100 war brides came from France after World War II. According to a 1994 Sault Star article, the first few months after arriving were a bit difficult as she could not speak English and relied on her husband’s family to translate for her when she was in the community.

Another war bride who had a language barrier to overcome was Anneke Thompson, who was from Holland. She had met her future husband at a church fellowship meeting in her home country after his release.

When he left for England in the fall of 1945, they feared they would never see each other again, but they began to write letters to each other and the romance blossomed. The love letters continued for more than a year until it was announced that women engaged to the military would be allowed into Canada if the Canadian was responsible for the passage.

After a 10-day trip on an ocean liner to New York, a train to Toronto to meet her fiancé Percy, and a long drive on sometimes flooded roads, Anneke arrived in Sault Ste. Married. The couple only had three weeks to get married by the Canadian government, once Anneke arrived on Canadian soil.

The term war bride is generally used to refer to those who married servicemen during WWII, but is now also used to refer to women who married and also made the trip to Canada after WWI.

Ms. Nellie Premo would be the very first war bride to arrive in Sault Ste. Marie on January 13, 1919. A 1992 Sault Star article says that she was only 20 years old and was carrying a baby when she got off the train at Bruce Street station, only to find he was born. there was no one to greet him.

Being dropped off in a strange new town in the dead of winter in an unfamiliar country would be quite overwhelming, but Ms. Premo took care of it all. Her husband Louis (whom she had met about a year before and married after a short courtship) had returned to the army barracks in Toronto and was not there to meet her.

With the help of a delivery boy, she found her new in-laws’ home and settled into her new life in Canada.

She had eight more children and made it to Sault Ste. Marie his permanent residence. After a rough start in northern Ontario for many war brides, they quickly acclimated to their new homeland and left a lasting legacy for the families they raised and their charities in the community.

They found the truth in the old adage that “home is where the heart is.”

Each week, the Sault Ste. The Marie Public Library and its archives give SooToday readers a glimpse into the city’s past.

To find out more about what the public library has to offer, visit www.ssmpl.ca and search for more. columns here


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Best TV shows of 2021, so far – and how to watch them all https://timorseajustice.org/best-tv-shows-of-2021-so-far-and-how-to-watch-them-all/ https://timorseajustice.org/best-tv-shows-of-2021-so-far-and-how-to-watch-them-all/#respond Sun, 18 Jul 2021 14:03:06 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/best-tv-shows-of-2021-so-far-and-how-to-watch-them-all/ It is already an exceptional year for television, with many more months to go. It’s time to catch up. With unbearable humidity and unexpected heat waves, July also brings with it the abrupt realization that we are closer to the end of the year than the beginning. And when you apply the same thought to […]]]>

It is already an exceptional year for television, with many more months to go. It’s time to catch up.

With unbearable humidity and unexpected heat waves, July also brings with it the abrupt realization that we are closer to the end of the year than the beginning. And when you apply the same thought to the state of television, it tends to mean that we’ve already had access to a good chunk of the best shows of the year – be it basic math (12 months ago in a year and we’re in the middle of month # 7, so …) or the rather complicated Emmy cycle (a lot of big shows always fall in the spring, so they’re fresh in the minds of voters in June), fanatics television tend to have a good grip on what the year on television will look like now.

Fortunately, 2021 has given us a plethora of exceptional TV series. Some are revolutionary programs that challenge typical descriptors. Others give old formulas a new twist, creating new favorites with familiar comfort. Even more are using established structures and stars to their advantage, concocting irresistible entertainment that everyone can enjoy.

The best TV of the year so far stretches far more than I can fit in this brief preamble, so let me just say: there are no boundaries here. Whether it’s a comedy, a drama, a limited series, a docu-series, a talk show, a series of sketches or a strange amalgamation of these genres or others, if it was on TV (or could be), we considered it. Hopefully, this resulted in a list with at least one or two options that you haven’t looked at yet, and you, dear reader, are about to be immersed in your next favorite series.

So dive in, share your thoughts, and let’s start celebrating the year on TV. With so many great shows already, you’re going to want to get started right away.

For even more IndieWire TV recommendations, check out our 2021 TV Reviews list – most of the best picks are featured in this list, but additional gems and additional reading can be found here as well. For more recent choices, listen to IndieWire’s television podcast, “Millions of Screens,” which is available on Apple Podcasts, Breaker, Google Podcasts, Spotify, and Stitcher. You can subscribe here or via RSS.

Kristen Lopez and Tyler Hersko also contributed to this list.

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Deep-sea expedition to Titanic shows new images of wrecks, including stained glass https://timorseajustice.org/deep-sea-expedition-to-titanic-shows-new-images-of-wrecks-including-stained-glass/ https://timorseajustice.org/deep-sea-expedition-to-titanic-shows-new-images-of-wrecks-including-stained-glass/#respond Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:50:12 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/deep-sea-expedition-to-titanic-shows-new-images-of-wrecks-including-stained-glass/ A recent Titanic expedition uncovered new images of the famous wreck, 12,500 feet below the surface of the North Atlantic, including a stained glass frame. Oceangate Expeditions announced on Tuesday that it has completed the first of a number of Titanic hull dives aboard the next-generation carbon fiber and titanium submarine, Titan. Stockton Rush called […]]]>

A recent Titanic expedition uncovered new images of the famous wreck, 12,500 feet below the surface of the North Atlantic, including a stained glass frame.

Oceangate Expeditions announced on Tuesday that it has completed the first of a number of Titanic hull dives aboard the next-generation carbon fiber and titanium submarine, Titan.

Stockton Rush called last week’s dive “the result of years of deliberate and dogged effort.”

“To get here, we had to overcome the enormous challenges of engineering, operations, business and ultimately COVID-19. We are very proud of this team and thank our many partners for their support. “Rush said in a statement.

All five submersibles also recorded floor tiles and other debris from luxury liners. It sank in a collision with an iceberg on its maiden voyage on April 15, 1912, around 11:40 p.m., killing over 1,500 passengers. crew.

The dive was the first of many scheduled for the Titanic the following month, and each year thereafter, “recording ship collapse rates, studying the marine life found on this reef, and GIS maps of the artifacts found there.” . Create. ”Ocean Gate statement.

The company wants to use 4K video and advanced sonar and laser technology to create 3D images of ship debris.

The stained glass frame belonging to the Titanic was one of those discovered during a recent maiden dive on the Titanic, an offshore submersible at Oceangate Expedition.

A number of “ambitious mission specialists” can shell out as much as $ 150,000 to join the crew while still continuing to research and document.

Guests spent about a week on Titan’s support ship, the Horizon Arctic, and had the opportunity to participate in a dive, GeekWire reported.

A civilian in a business called the 6-figure price a bargain, relatively speaking.

“Someone paid $ 28 million to bring Blue Origin to space,” Renata Rojas from Hoboken, NJ told Colombian. “It’s cheaper than that.”

The Titanic also found debris from the Titanic floor tiles at the start of many dives planned for the coming months.

The Titanic also found debris from the Titanic floor tiles at the start of many dives planned for the coming months.

The Titan, a five-seater submersible, is made up of a special titanium and carbon fiber hull.

The Titan, a five-seater submersible, is made up of a special titanium and carbon fiber hull.

Rojas, 53, was fascinated by the Titanic for the rest of his life.

“I need to see it with my own eyes to know it’s really real,” she told the newspaper.

The first iterations of Titan’s hull were not the subject of a rally with experts who feared it might not be able to withstand extreme pressures on the ocean floor.

According to GeekWire, OceanGate engineers have developed a new shell under the guidance of NASA.

Oceangate wants to use advanced sonar and laser technology to create a 3D model of the wreck of the Titanic.

Oceangate wants to use advanced sonar and laser technology to create a 3D model of the wreck of the Titanic.

The company has raised more than $ 18 million from investors to develop the ship and make the expedition a reality.

The Titan is a fine demonstration of the close link between innovation and safety, ”said PH Nargiolet, mission specialist and former commander of the French Navy and veteran submersible pilot.

“I did two underwater dives on the Titan submersible: from the first submersible to 1,700 meters. [5,600 feet] And at 3,840 meters to the Titanic [12,600 feet].. I am very confident in the professionalism of this submersible and the crew of OceanGate Expeditions.

The White Star Line Titanic sank on April 10, 1912, on a maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York.Photo: Illustration of the Titanic Grand Staircase

The White Star Line Titanic sank on April 10, 1912, on a maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York.Photo: Illustration of the Titanic Grand Staircase

However, the continued voyages to the world’s most famous wreck have sparked controversy. Experts believe decades of rescue missions and other expeditions, including filmmaker James Cameron’s famous dive in 2001, have further weakened the integrity of the 108-year-old hull.

The ship’s landing on the wreck caused considerable damage to the promenade deck, with some of the most severe damage caused by Cameron’s expedition when the submersible collided with the ship’s hull.

Render of the encounter between Titan and the iconic wreck

Render of the encounter between Titan and the iconic wreck

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Titanic's hull could collapse within the next 40 years.  Experts fear that repeated expeditions and rescue trips will hasten their end.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Titanic’s hull could collapse within the next 40 years. Experts fear that repeated expeditions and rescue trips will hasten their end.

Timeline of the Titanic disaster that killed 1,500 people on the maiden voyage in April 1912

Ned Parfett from

Ned Parfett of “Titanic Paperboy” outside the White Star Line London office

April 10, 1912 (12 noon):

The Titanic departs Southampton for New York, calling at Cherbourg and Cork en route.

April 14 (9:00 a.m. – 10:30 p.m., ship time):

Titanic’s radio operator Marconi Telegraph received a total of six nearby ice warnings, but not all were passed on to the crew.

April 14 (23:39):

Watchman Frederick Fleet found a dead iceberg in front of the ship in the crow’s nest. Looking at the harbor, the vessel was able to avoid a direct collision, but instead received a “hit”.

April 15 (00:05):

Captain Edward Smith orders the abandonment of the vessel and sends a distress signal to the radio operator.

April 15 (02:05):

The last lifeboat from the Titanic will be launched. Ten minutes later, the liner’s angle in the water increased rapidly, eventually exceeding 30 degrees, as the water reached a part of the ship that was not flooded through the deck hatch.

April 15 (02:20):

The Titanic finally disappeared under the waves about 2 hours and 40 minutes after hitting the iceberg.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a ship’s hull and structure could collapse within the next 40 years.

In addition, private expeditions have removed significant archaeological remains from the wreck and its surroundings without consulting historians.

The wreck, located about 12,500 feet below sea level, previously had “basic protection” from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

However, the place of rest on the high seas meant that it was not previously covered by an explicit law.

In 2020, RMS Titanic Inc., which currently holds the sole right to rescue the Titanic, announced plans to use three underwater robots to rip through the ceiling and grab the ship’s Marconi radio.

According to a document read by the Daily Telegraph, “Over the next few years, Barrhead could collapse and the wreckage of the world’s most famous radio station could be permanently buried.”

RMS Titanic says they want to preserve the relics before they are lost forever.

The company is said to have exhibited wireless at Luxor Casino in Las Vegas before going on a world tour.

A revolutionary treaty allows both the United States and the United Kingdom to grant or deny companies licenses to enter and remove the remains of shipwrecks.

The treaty was signed by the United States in 2003, but was only ratified by former US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in November 2019.

UK Maritime Minister Nusrat Ghani said the deal would ensure the Titanic would be treated with appropriate “sensitivity and respect” for the ship and its passengers.

However, RMS Titanic says it is ignoring the treaty because it is “toothless” and cannot be enforced by US courts.

At the time, Gavin Robinson, DUPMP of Belfast East, where the Titanic was built, called for plans to wirelessly recover attempts to “loot and plunder” historic debris.

“I think it’s important for us to support the government and make sure that a big effort is made to thwart the efforts of those who just want to make a profit,” Robinson told The Telegraph. ..

“The idea that established connections plunder what is the tomb essential to sacrifice to those on the Titanic and justify plundering goes in a completely wrong direction,” thinks.

“If the details of this deal aren’t strong enough to thwart their efforts, now we think we need to be careful. “

RMS Titanic: Specifications

The Titanic in Southampton, England, before embarking on a fateful voyage

The Titanic in Southampton, England, before embarking on a fateful voyage

length: 882 feet, 9 inches

width: 92 feet, 6 inches (beam)

weight: 53,210 tons

platform: 9

Boiler: twenty four

engine: 2

Power: 46,000 hp

Maximum speed: 24 knots

Cost: $ 2 million ($ 56 million in 2021)

capacity: 2,435 passengers and 892 crew members

Establishment: Includes swimming pool, Turkish bus, kennel and post office

Deep-sea expedition to Titanic shows new images of wrecks, including stained glass

Source link High Seas Expedition to the Titanic shows new images of the wreck, including stained glass


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Venice struggles to retain its UNESCO World Heritage title | DW Travel | DW https://timorseajustice.org/venice-struggles-to-retain-its-unesco-world-heritage-title-dw-travel-dw/ https://timorseajustice.org/venice-struggles-to-retain-its-unesco-world-heritage-title-dw-travel-dw/#respond Wed, 14 Jul 2021 19:52:31 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/venice-struggles-to-retain-its-unesco-world-heritage-title-dw-travel-dw/ For years, the pros and cons of large cruise ships entering Venice have been the cause of endless local and international debate. But from August 1, liners will no longer be allowed to enter the lagoon city, the government of Rome announced on Tuesday after a cabinet meeting, The decision is timely. On July 16, […]]]>

For years, the pros and cons of large cruise ships entering Venice have been the cause of endless local and international debate. But from August 1, liners will no longer be allowed to enter the lagoon city, the government of Rome announced on Tuesday after a cabinet meeting,

The decision is timely. On July 16, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee will meet in Fouzhou, China to discuss Venice’s status as a World Heritage site and whether the city in northern Italy should be inscribed on its list of “World Heritage Sites in Danger”.

Times like these are becoming increasingly rare in and around Venice

This so-called red list includes World Heritage sites whose status is considered threatened by UNESCO due to a variety of negative impacts largely related to overtourism.

A decisive criterion for the endangerment of Venice is the presence of liners. For many years, UNESCO has been watching developments in the lagoon city with a keen eye.

Not only do giant ships pollute the air with their exhaust fumes when they stop over in Venice; their passage also adds to the pressure of water pushing against the submerged foundations of historic buildings in the city. The liners also destroy the sensitive ecosystem of the lagoon when they arrive in town each summer.

A flooded city

The rising waters have already threatened the integrity of many historic buildings in Venice. The problem is exacerbated by the combination of high tides and heavy storms that flooded much of the city in 2019.

But there is another type of flood that worries the guardians of the World Heritage site: the masses of tourists who descend every summer on places like Saint Mark’s Basilica. In 2019, some 16 million visitors are said to have come to see the alleys and canals of Venice – where the local population of the central old town has fallen to less than 60,000. It’s unclear if that might change after COVID-19, but Venice has always been a hotbed of global tourism.

This over-tourism of the city is another factor that could threaten Venice’s World Heritage status and move it closer to the Red List. In this sense, banning cruise liners from entering Venice may not be enough on its own to guarantee the city’s continued UNESCO status.

A masked person in St. Mark's Square

Annual events like the Venice Carnival also attract tourists out of season

The wrecked city suffers from politics as usual

The World Heritage title was awarded to Venice in 1987 on the grounds that the entire city was “an extraordinary architectural masterpiece in which even the smallest buildings contain works by the best artists in the world, such as Titian, Tintoretto and others “.

But the cruise ship industry has left its mark on the city for many years. For the Venetians, the huge cruise ships caused only lasting damage to their city, with passengers spending little to no money in local stores.

The Italian central government in Rome is desperate to hang on to the World Heritage title for Venice, and sees the issue as a national emergency.

If Venice were to be put on the UNESCO Red List, it would be “a very serious matter for our country,” Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini wrote after UNESCO announced that the city’s status was under review.

However, the central government failed to come up with a viable solution to the problem and forced local politicians to take full responsibility.

Two years ago, the mayor of Venice Luigi Brugnaro even demanded that UNESCO put his city on the red list because he felt abandoned by Rome. His plea was sparked after an uncontrollable cruise ship crashed into a tourist boat on the busy Giudecca Canal.

“No punishment or warning”

It is not known whether Mayor Brugnaro’s wish will come true at the next meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Fuzhou. The ban on cruise ships, however, is seen as a positive sign.

The World Heritage Organization stresses that any potential attempt to place Venice on the list of endangered sites would be “neither a punishment nor a warning”.

“Rather, it is a mechanism to preserve these extraordinary places for future generations,” said Peter Martin of the German Commission for UNESCO. The Red List designation, he adds, simply shows that urgent action is needed to achieve the goal or preservation.

“To ensure this is successful, the World Heritage Committee publishes concrete measures to be taken to avoid threats to World Heritage while making recommendations for these sites,” explained Martin.

Red list does not mean red light

This approach can still lead to lasting success, Martin said. This was the case with the Church of the Nativity of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem, which was threatened by structural degradation, growth in tourism and a tunnel project. When it was subsequently placed on the Red List of the World Heritage site, the underground construction project was canceled and the church was extensively restored – with significant financial support from Sweden and Italy. This ultimately led to the church regaining its World Heritage status.

According to Martin, it has even become necessary to permanently withdraw the World Heritage status of two of the more than 1,000 World Heritage sites: the Elbe Valley Cultural Landscape of Dresden and the Arabian Oryx Wildlife Sanctuary. in Oman.

And unless World Heritage status is ultimately removed from a place, “endangered” sites are still allowed to advertise their UNESCO credentials.

But continuing to profit from World Heritage status could be counterproductive. In the case of Venice, critics believe it would fuel more unsustainable tourist arrivals in already fragile hot spots such as St. Mark’s Square.


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Hurtigruten Expeditions partners with the California Ocean Alliance to study and protect whales in Antarctica https://timorseajustice.org/hurtigruten-expeditions-partners-with-the-california-ocean-alliance-to-study-and-protect-whales-in-antarctica/ https://timorseajustice.org/hurtigruten-expeditions-partners-with-the-california-ocean-alliance-to-study-and-protect-whales-in-antarctica/#respond Tue, 13 Jul 2021 10:00:00 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/hurtigruten-expeditions-partners-with-the-california-ocean-alliance-to-study-and-protect-whales-in-antarctica/ Whale research to gather evidence supporting our understanding and management of whale behavior in Antarctica SEATTLE, July 13, 2021 / PRNewswire / – Hurtigruten Expeditions, the global leader in exploration travel and advocate for sustainable travel, strengthens its partnership with the California Ocean Alliance (COA), a research, conservation and education organization, to better understand and […]]]>

Whale research to gather evidence supporting our understanding and management of whale behavior in Antarctica

SEATTLE, July 13, 2021 / PRNewswire / – Hurtigruten Expeditions, the global leader in exploration travel and advocate for sustainable travel, strengthens its partnership with the California Ocean Alliance (COA), a research, conservation and education organization, to better understand and protect whales and other marine mammals in Antarctic.

Hurtigruten Expeditions strengthens its partnership with the California Ocean Alliance. Photo credit: Genna Roland

A pilot test was launched in late 2019, but was halted due to the pandemic. As the Hurtigruten expedition restarts on 2021/2022 Antarctic season, scientists from the California Ocean Alliance will be part of several Antarctic crossings aboard the MS Roald amundsen, the world’s first electrically powered hybrid expedition cruise ship.

The team will collect acoustic data to study ambient noise conditions, the myriad of sounds emitted by marine animals and the influence of human presence on the soundscape. Researching the behavior of different whales in close proximity to humans will allow Hurtigruten and other cruise liners to adapt to ensure they minimize interference with whales.

“Our research will be one of the most difficult we have ever carried out, in one of the most difficult regions of the world. So to have a partner like Hurtigruten who supports us is a huge gift to us. With this research we can create tailored programs so that guests can have close encounters with whales while ensuring minimal impact on the different whale populations in Antarcticsaid Dr. Ari Friedlaender, researcher associated with the University of California, Santa Cruz, and director of research for the California Ocean Alliance.

Offering small-ship adventures to some of the planet’s most spectacular and fragile destinations, Hurtigruten Expeditions has long-standing partnerships and relationships with some of the world’s leading scientific institutions to ensure more sustainable exploration and contribute to the science and research.

“90% of the oceans remain unexplored. We are determined to change that by creating a better understanding of the areas we explore. The data collected during our research partnership with California Ocean Alliance, and the many others we are doing with other partners, to be used for executive decision making on future environmental issues, so this is a win-win solution for all of us, ”said Hurtigruten Expeditions CEO Asta lassesen

Passengers still have access to scientists on board all Hurtigruten Expeditions cruises. All Hurtigruten Expeditions ships feature a state-of-the-art science center, overseen by the cruise industry’s only chief scientist, Dr. Verena meraldi.

“Ambient sound research has not been properly conducted in Antarctic before, so we are incredibly excited about this partnership and that we have the right tools for the scientist to be able to conduct his research by already offering the quietest vessels in Antarctic. We hope this will be a long-term partnership that benefits all parties, but especially the whale and wildlife populations of Antarctica, ”said Dr Meraldi, Chief Scientist, Hurtigruten Expeditions.

Hurtigruten Expedition’s cutting-edge science program includes a wide range of citizen science research projects that guests are encouraged to participate in during their wait cruise. The orientation of the project depends on the destination, and for Antarctic, it includes the study of the penguin population, the study of leopard seals or the research on the distribution of seabirds, among many other programs.

The well-equipped onboard science centers feature museum-style exhibits and activity areas providing guests with hands-on experiences to complement the conference program.

The California Ocean Alliance team will work alongside Hurtigruten’s expedition teams to provide unique educational opportunities for passengers through lectures, demonstrations and real-time analysis of scientific data. As part of the research, scientists will also take biopsy samples of whale skin and fat to assess individual animal health, population growth rates and stress levels.

“Our scientists will also share their findings with the guests on board, allowing them to participate in the science in real time, and during our presentations they will educate as they go, which will be a truly unique experience,” added the Dr Friedlaender.

Scientists from the California Ocean Alliance will be aboard the MS Roald amundsen departures January 11, January 27, and February 12, 2022.

All of Hurtigruten’s sustainability initiatives are available here: www.hurtigruten.com/hurtigruten-group/our-corporate-social-responsibility/.

For more information please contact:
Anders Lindstrom
Head of Public Relations and Communications, Americas
646.944.9029
Anders.Lindstrom@hurtigruten.com

Please visit Hurtigruten’s online media center here, where you can download high-resolution images, videos and view our archive of press releases.

About Hurtigruten Expeditions – the world leader in exploration travel

Hurtigruten Expeditions is the world’s largest and most important expedition cruise company. With sustainability and exploration at heart, we offer great adventures on small ships – taking you to some of the most spectacular regions on our planet.

Tracing our roots in the great explorers and the golden age of exploration, curiosity, a sense of adventure, love for our planet and the art of exploration are deeply rooted in our DNA.

With Hurtigruten Expeditions, you can join fellow explorers on adventures in over 30 countries and over 250 destinations, including Antarctic, Alaska, Northwest Passage, Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard, Norway, British islands, South America, Caribbean, and more.

Hurtigruten Expedition’s fleet of seven custom-built small-size vessels includes the world’s first hybrid battery-powered cruise ships – and a variety of green technologies to make exploring in a more sustainable way.

On board, you will join our team of experts. Handpicked for your adventure, they will join you in exploring wildlife, nature, local communities and more, taking full advantage of our onboard science center and abundance of expedition equipment – in making sure we can take you where the big ships can’t.

As generations of explorers have done before us, we are always on the lookout for new adventures and new areas to explore, and new adventures to embark on. Join us – and explore more!

Cision

Cision

View original content to download multimedia: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/hurtigruten-expeditions-partners-with-california-ocean-alliance-to-study-and-protect-whales-in-antarctica -301332178 .html

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Laung and run out of that https://timorseajustice.org/laung-and-run-out-of-that/ https://timorseajustice.org/laung-and-run-out-of-that/#respond Sat, 10 Jul 2021 18:53:25 +0000 https://timorseajustice.org/laung-and-run-out-of-that/ The word “clove” is derived from the Latin word clavus meaning nail, due to its distinct shape. Interestingly, other cultures and languages ​​also note its nail-like appearance – this is Clau in French, Nagel in Dutch, Clavo in spanish and Cravo in Portuguese. The Indians used the dried woody brown flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum […]]]>

The word “clove” is derived from the Latin word clavus meaning nail, due to its distinct shape. Interestingly, other cultures and languages ​​also note its nail-like appearance – this is Clau in French, Nagel in Dutch, Clavo in spanish and Cravo in Portuguese. The Indians used the dried woody brown flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum as a very aromatic spice for centuries.

In India, Sanskrit Lavagne comes from malay Lawang or Javanese Lavan, which in turn spawned similar names in regional languages ​​- laung in Hindi and Punjabi, lavinga in Gujarati and ilavankam in Tamil. It finds mention in the old Puranas, epic poetry, Ayurveda and the Kathasaritasagara – a tome of legends written by the eleventh-century court poet Somadeva. In the wild, the clove grows 25 to 40 feet, bears large leaves with flowers and tips in purple clusters. Buds are initially pale before taking on a green tint that turns bright red when typically harvested. The bud of four closed petals rests like a pearl between its four sepals in a diamond-shaped setting with 4 claws which gives it the appearance of a nail.

Perfect accompaniment

Sitting humbly on the kitchen shelf, this little spice has improved cuisines around the world, whether Asian, Mediterranean, African, Middle Eastern or even Central and South American, with its distinct woody flavor. spicy and sweet. Cloves are used to prepare ketchup and sauces by spicing onions (the onion sting method using a stud of peeled onions or an onion sprinkled with cloves and bay leaves) as a flavor enhancer in sauces such as Worcestershire sauce, bechamel sauce, etc., imbuing a strong pungent heat and flavor. Cloves are generously present in spice blends like ras el hanout, curry and masalas powders, hot spices (used in drinks) and pickling spices. Being strong flavored, it is used in moderation to enhance the flavor and aroma of biryanis, pulaos and other rice preparations. Whole cloves are often used in ham and meats by simply pricking them into the flesh for added flavor. Historically, cloves were studded on game meats like game, wild boar and hare to enhance the flavor.

In India, the clove is used in the same way to pin the candy Lavang Lata, studded on laddus or used to staple a paan (betel leaf). Besides flavoring and flavoring Indian cuisine in a unique way, its many hidden benefits make cloves a regular part of home remedies. Invariably, every grandmother recommends clove oil or chewing a clove for a nasty toothache or tooth decay. It acts as a pain reliever with its mildly numbing comfort providing relief. Ayurvedic healers use cloves to treat respiratory and digestive issues. A panacea for toothaches, sore throats, stomach aches, cholesterol control, treatment of Parkinson’s disease tremors, aid in weight loss, blood sugar control, Cloves play a vital role in aromatherapy and well-being.

While cloves have been used in India and China for over 2,000 years, the tree is native to the Spice Islands or the five Moluccas Islands – Bacan, Makian, Moti, Ternate and Tidor, collectively referred to as the Archipelago of Moluccas in eastern Indonesia. Here it has grown naturally with nutmeg and mace for thousands of years. The islanders planted cloves to mark the birth of a child and cared for them believing that the tree was related to the well-being of the child.

Spice wars

It is believed that the oldest clove tree grew in Ternate and was called ‘Afo’. In the Middle Ages, the Arabs ruled trade in the Indian Ocean, followed by the Portuguese and the Spanish in the 15th century. The discovery of cloves and nutmeg and the attraction of profit started the spice war of the colonial powers. People planted cloves extensively in the 16-17th century, and the Dutch East India Company gained a monopoly on the harvest. The ambition for absolute control prompted the Dutch to launch clove-burning campaigns to destroy crops in areas beyond their control, thus incurring the wrath of the natives as the trees were intrinsic to their culture.

In 1770, the French managed to secretly introduce the clove tree to Mauritius via the horticulturalist Pierre Poivre, nicknamed “Peter Pepper, thief of cloves and nutmeg”. He smuggled five shoots of the old Afo clove tree from the Moluccas; the only surviving shrub initiated spice plantations in Madagascar, Réunion and the rest of the world… and overturned Dutch supremacy over the clove trade! Subsequently, the culture was introduced to Guinea, Brazil, the West Indies and Zanzibar. In the 17th and 18th centuries, cloves were worth their weight in gold in Britain. It’s rather ironic how a tiny flower bud with extraordinary qualities and value could spark so many wars and bloodshed and ultimately redraw the power map of the world.

Sri Lanka has become one of the main suppliers of cloves to Europe and recently the remains of a rare sample of cloves dating from AD 900 to 1100, in addition to black pepper, were discovered in the area. ancient port of Mantai, revealing the existence of a thriving expedition trade route from the Moluccas to Sri Lanka some 7,000 km away via South East Asia from where it was transported to India, Rome and the ‘Arabia! Another archaeological dig in Syria unearthed spices including cloves that date back almost 4,000 years to around 1721 BC. How they got there would trace the history of the trade.

Divine flower

In India, clove was a precious spice celebrated as the “divine flower” in early texts dating back to AD 800. In Hinduism, the clove is considered sacred and features in some texts and astrology as a remedy for negativity or money and problems related to prosperity. Offer cloves often, burn cloves in oil or according to Tantra Shashtra worshiping goddess Lakshmi with rose petals and cloves is believed to attract good luck and fortune. In medieval Europe, cloves were in great demand for medicine and culinary use and also during Christmas to prepare sweets and mulled wine. German herbalists used it to treat gout. In China and Japan, besides its use in medicine to combat indigestion, diarrhea, hernia, ringworm, and fungal infections, clove was used as an air scenter and in the industry. incense.

Eugenol, the star component of clove essential oil, is responsible for its prized value due to its unique properties. It has antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anesthetic and anticancer and chemopreventive properties. Dentistry has also adopted clove and its extracts for dental care and dental preparations – from mouthwashes and toothpaste to dressings, fillings and cavity coatings! Eugenol is widely used in the pharmaceutical, agricultural products, perfumes, flavors and cosmetics industries. It is also a pesticide and fumigant safe for agriculture! Farmers use it to prevent microbial or fungal growth in fruits and vegetables. It is used to flavor whiskey and in making spiced rum in addition to cooking and making ice cream.

However, one of the most fascinating uses of cloves is as a fruit pomander, a modern adaptation of an ancient jewelry accessory. Originally popular in the Middle Ages, the pomander (from the French term amber apple literally “amber apple”) was a perforated scent ball worn in a vase or hung from a chain or belt, as a religious keepsake to ward off plague, infections and bad smells. Today, spicy orange pomanders are fascinating natural air fresheners made by sticking cloves in a myriad of patterns in oranges often sprinkled with cinnamon. Placed in a bowl or tied on ribbons and left to dry and hang for a few days, orange pomanders are especially prevalent at festivals like Christmas, Halloween or Thanksgiving and a delicious way to scent your home or wardrobe!

(The authors are writers on travel and food “loosely based” in Bangalore. They’ve written guidebooks and table books, including a USDA cookbook called “Southern Comfort: Southern American Soul Food,” created an award-winning restaurant, and curated the Indian episode of Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted, season 2. Follow their adventures on Instagram: @red_scarab)


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